The word scagliola derives from the Italian scaglia, which means “scales or chips of marble.” Although this artificial marble is indistinguishable from the original, it is actually a colored and polished cement. Scagliola was used extensively in the western architecture of the 18th, thru early 20th centuries. Examples include many early 20th century State Houses and Theaters built during this time.
Scagliola provides a durable surface, which is far more permanent and far more realistic in appearance than faux surfaces. Scagliola can be casted into forms that would virtually be impossible or cost prohibited carving out of natural stone, therefore, making it a particularly attractive option for the design industry.